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[必达设计排行榜]K-12GIANTS 北美基础教育建筑设计公司排名 在K-12教育的新时代,看美国建筑设计公司的设计灵活性

首发于Building Design+Construction,由BEED Asia 必达亚洲整理,亚洲地区独家发布

排名仅针对北美地区的设计公司在2015年的营业额而进行

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At a prototype classroom on the campus of Baylor University, in Waco, Texas, school officials and teachers experiment with new types of furniture, workgroup configurations, projectors, writing boards, and mobile technology to test new teaching methods and classroom layouts.

在德克萨斯州韦科的贝勒大学的校园,在标准教室里,学校领导和教师尝试新的类型的家具,工作组配置、投影仪、书写板、和移动技术来测试新的教学方法和课堂布局。

TOP 100 K-12 SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE FIRMS
Rank, Firm, 2015 Revenue
1. DLR Group $66,300,000
2. Stantec $64,964,601
3. Huckabee $60,544,770
4. PBK $55,230,000
5. Wold Architects and Engineers $26,600,000
6. NAC Architecture $24,647,620
7. HMC Architects $24,031,965
8. Perkins+Will $19,790,000
9. LPA $19,662,221
10. Fanning/Howey Associates $18,915,132
SEE FULL LIST

TOP 60 K-12 SCHOOL ENGINEERING FIRMS
Rank, Firm, 2015 Revenue
1. AECOM $50,000,000
2. Jacobs $47,790,000
3. STV $10,618,628
4. KJWW/TTG $9,576,078
5. Wendel $6,321,646
6. Loring Consulting Engineers $6,000,000
7. SSOE Group $5,830,000
8. Dewberry $5,245,499
9. KCI Technologies $5,000,000
10. M/E Engineering $4,688,355
SEE FULL LIST

TOP 80 K-12 SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION FIRMS
Rank, Firm, 2015 Revenue
1. Gilbane Building Co. $480,004,000
2. Balfour Beatty US $461,785,038
3. Core Construction Group $421,279,721
4. Turner Construction Co. $404,115,437
5. Skanska USA $214,070,248
6. Kraus-Anderson $203,000,000
7. Shawmut Design and Construction $191,000,000
8. Barton Malow Co. $181,481,875
9. Adolfson & Peterson Construction $168,810,000
10. JE Dunn Construction $157,937,145
SEE FULL LIST

Opened in 2015, the Learning Experience Laboratories (LEx Labs), created by design firm Huckabee, a local educational service center, and Baylor, is a microcosm reflecting nationwide trends.

由设计公司Huckabee创造,于2015年开办的学习经验实验室(Lex Labs),一个当地教育服务中心,是一个反应全国趋势的缩影。

The lab is a kind of flight simulator where educators experiment in ways that address forces in the corporate world and trends in technology influencing K-12 education. New styles of working—more collaborative and project-based—and mobile technology are changing how people work. The K-12 education sector is responding to those trends.

该实验室是一种飞行模拟器,教育工作者在那里实验影响K-12教育方式企业界的力量和技术趋势。新工作方式,更多的合作和项目为基础和移动技术正在改变人们的工作方式。K-12教育部门正在应对这些趋势。

The need to revamp schools to keep up with the times adds urgency to planning and funding decisions. K-12 construction put in place declined to $12.9 billion in 2015, from $14 billion in 2014, according to School Planning & Management, so school districts have had to upgrade their physical plants with fewer resources.

修补学校以跟上时代的需求,增加了规划和资金决定的紧迫性。根据学校规划与管理,K-12施工从2014年的14亿美元,下降到2015年12.9亿美元,因此学区不得不用更少的资源升级他们的实际规划。

Educators visiting LEx Labs frequently want to try out new concepts in furniture. Later, they discover that the space promotes the reevaluation of teaching methods. “There’s been a growing trend where the built environment has been influencing professional development,” says Kerri Ranney, AIA, Huckabee’s Director of Learning and Strategic Development. “We now are at a tipping point.”

教育者在参观LEX实验室时,经常会想尝试一些新概念在家具布局上。后来,他们发现,教学空间的改变推进了教学方法的重新评估。“这是一个不断增长的趋势,建筑环境正在不断影响工作发展,”赫卡比的学习及战略发展总监凯莉·兰尼说道,“我们现在正处于一个临界点。”

She admits there is great variability in how quickly schools are changing. “Some clients are willing to jump far ahead in changing the pedagogy and learning environment,” Ranney says. “Others just move a couple of ticks.”

她承认学校的快速变化是有很大差异的。“有些客户愿意大胆尝试改变教学方法和学习环境,”兰尼说。“其他人只是移动了几步而已”。

The impact on design of mobile computing devices, movable furniture, team teaching styles, and more collaborative project work means most architects are creating classrooms far different from the ones in which they were educated. When a radical concept arises it helps to visualize what the alternatives could be in a mock environment like LEx Labs.

在对移动式计算设备、移动式家具、团队教学风格、多协同项目工作的影响,体现出大多数建筑师正在创建与他们之前经历的截然不同的教室。当一个激进的概念出现,它有助于形象化那些待选方案,在一个像LEX实验室的模拟环境下。

Design firms must also help educate parents and taxpayers about new learning spaces. Building support for new projects is more important than ever, says Roger Smith, AIA, LEED AP, Principal, BBS Architects & Engineers. “Parents know a lot about their kids’ education. Their expectations are bigger, and they’re more involved,” Smith says.

“关于新的学习空间,设计公司也必须帮助教育父母和纳税人。建设新项目的支持比以往任何时候都更加重要”,罗杰·史密斯(友邦保险,绿色美联社,校长,BBS建筑师和工程师)说:“父母知道很多关于他们孩子的教育。他们的期望更大,而且他们更相关”。

To generate funding support for major new projects, school districts often mix in amenities that can be used by the whole community. These features include old standbys such as athletic fields, gymnasiums, and auditoriums, but with new twists. KSS Architects designed a combination facility that is best described as an auditorium with a gym built into it for Gottesman RTW Academy, a private school in northern New Jersey.

为了给重大的新项目生成资金支持,学区常混杂着整个社都可以使用的设施。这些功能包括旧设备,如运动场、体育馆和礼堂,但也伴着有新的波折。KSS建筑师设计了一个组合设施,最好描述为是体育馆内置于戈特斯曼RTW学院(新泽西州北部的一所私立学校)。

“They wanted the space to look like an auditorium, not like a gym,” says Merilee Meacock, AIA, LEED AP, Partner, KSS Architects. “A higher-end aesthetic was important. They wanted to display their identity such that performance was a higher priority than athletics.” An accent wall/proscenium/cloud ceiling creates a room-within-a-room effect. Resilient and durable materials ensured that the space would hold up to gym use.

“他们希望这个空间看起来像一个礼堂,而不是健身房,”Merilee Meacock,(AIA,LEED AP,合伙人,KSS建筑)说道。“一个高端的审美是很重要的。他们想显示自己的身份,所以性能表现比运动员更优先。”一面墙、一个台口、一面天花板创建一个房间在一个房间内的效果,弹性和耐用的材料保证了空间能撑起来作健身房使用。

The Jewish day school uses the space for high-holiday services, so the room had to look the part. This adaption helped generate financial support for the newly constructed school.

犹太走读学校采用高假日服务空间,所以房间不得不看的部分。这种适应有助于生成新建成的学校的财政支持。

KSS’s design also had a strong narrative based on a Hebrew phrase meaning “heal the earth” to relate to stakeholders. The building was integrated within the natural contours of the hilly, wooded site. Retaining walls were built with rock blasted from the site during construction.

KSS的设计也有一个强烈的基于希伯来文“治愈地球”的意思,来叙述涉及到的利益相关者。该建筑是丘陵、树林的自然轮廓内集成,挡土墙用岩石在施工期间现场炸开建成。

A garden and greenhouse provide for site-grown food. Students help tend to the gardens and sometimes help cook what they’ve grown. “They can see the life cycle of growing and cooking food,” Meacock says.

一个花园和温室提供站点种植的食物,学生倾向于在花园帮忙,有时还会帮用他们种成的材料做饭。“他们可以看到种植和烹饪的生命周期,”Meacock说。

The ecological angle was “a narrative people could visualize and understand,” Meacock says.

生态角度是“叙事人可以想象和理解,” Meacock说。

MAKING SPACES WORK TWICE AS HARD

让空间加倍努力

Space flexibility is critical to classroom design. Spaces have to be adaptable, even allowing for drastic changes such as, say, a doubling of classroom size. Meacock recommends that walls separating classrooms should not be load bearing. Shared spaces must also be able to accommodate multiple uses. The tables in the dining hall at the Gottesman school can be removed so that the space can be used for science lab projects.

空间的灵活性是课堂设计的关键。空间必须要适应,甚至允许剧烈变化,比如说,课堂规模增加了一倍。Meacock建议不应该用墙隔开的教室承载,共享空间还必须能够容纳多种用途。在戈特斯曼学校食堂的餐桌可以移开,使空间可用于科学实验室项目。

More than ever, designers must consider the furnishings during the earliest stages of a project. “If every kid has a tablet, where will we put the tablet cart?” asks Kevin J. Walsh, AIA, LEED AP, BBS’s Lead Designer. Spaces that allow for multiple furnishing configurations will be most adaptable.

与以往相比,设计人员必须考虑在项目的最早阶段的家具。“如果每个孩子都有一个平板电脑,我们将把平板架放在哪里?”凯文J.沃尔什(AIA,LEED AP,BBS的首席设计师)问道。允许多个家具的配置的空间将是最适应的。

K-12 design and construction firm leaders know they must keep close tabs on trends in primary and secondary education during this time of great flux. Who can predict with 100% accuracy how new generations of technology will influence teaching and learning? Where there is uncertainty over pedagogy, there must be a proportional amount of flexibility built into the design. Firms that connect best with educators tapped into influential trends will have a distinct advantage in this market.

K-12的设计和建筑公司领导人知道他们在这大段的时间内,必须保持紧紧跟进在小学和中学教育的发展趋势。谁可以100%准确预测新一代科技将会如何影响教学和学习?在有不确定性的教育中,必须有内置于设计的灵活性比例。最佳连接教育工作者的公司,随着挖掘到具有影响力的趋势,必将在这个市场上拥有明显的优势。

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